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2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案,2018年6月

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  二零一八年上7个月全国高校罗马尼亚语四六级考试于四月19日开展,博客园教育24钟头全程关怀,为您带给第一手四六级考试资源消息。以下是România语四级第生龙活虎套卷的开卷试题剖判:

  Section C

  四级阅读Section C第意气风发套

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  Passage One

  Passage One

  46。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  A。 Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  [定位]memory slips 文章第风度翩翩段

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  [解析]文章第后生可畏段第二句提到了memory slips,小编说要是你有了memory slips你大概实际不是操心,因为,dementia(闭合性脑外伤)的病症和回想退化中间的分别相当显眼。因而筛选A不是兼具纪念退化的先兆都意味脑血栓。BC无事生非,D偷天换日,文中讲的是after age 50, 不是among。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  47。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  C。 Communication within our brain weakens。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  [定位]We become aged,定位到第三段。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

  [解析]文中提到changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain头脑细胞的这么些变化会影响到脑中区别区域的联系。因而选C。A选项无理取闹,利用常识举行烦恼,B偷天换日原版的书文只是提到shrink并不是stop functioning,D偷香窃玉Certain parts shrink实际不是whole brain

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  48。

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  A。 Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  [定位]依据symptom定位到文中第四段和第五段。

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  [解析]文中提到when you forget entire experiences, that’s a red flag。当忘记全体的资历时索要严穆看待了,然后举了不知底怎么用微波炉的例子,相当于忘记了方方面面包车型大巴日常流程one’s daily routines选取A选项。B选项具体细节、C选项电影和歌唱家称号都归属平常事务细节,文中提到那些是晚年的正规现象。D选项偷天换日,文中并未涉嫌是occasionally临时忘记。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  49。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  D。 Exercise to improve their well-being。

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  [定位]依照标题找回想力退化的应对议程,定位到倒数第二段。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  [解析]文中尾数第二段提到大家应该想艺术加强认识储存技艺(cognitive reserve),而最棒的点子在结尾意气风发段提到exercise is a known brain booster锻炼是最佳的主意,因而选D。A选项暗送秋波,原版的书文为building up,BC兴风作浪。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  50。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  D。 Staying active both physically and mentally。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  [定位]Dr。 Daffern’s advice定位到终极黄金年代段

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  [解析]该段前半片段例如子说明keep your brain busy and working,后边提到also get physically active由此小编在说让精气神(brain)和身体(physical)都要保持活力,答案选D。A选项张冠李戴,having exercise 并不是having checkup。B选项无事生非,C选项似是而非并不是修复(repair)而是创建认识积累(reserve)本领。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  来源:新东方在线

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  46.A Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  深入深入分析:找到关键词 memory slips。对应到小说第后生可畏段But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。结合题干和原著可见,回想的小错误不要全部是愚钝的症状,而恐怕是出于年纪大。symptoms和signs为雷同替换。顾答案接受A。

  47。 C Communication within our brain weakens。

  解析:依照各类原则对应文章定位句是Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 答案与一定句同义,顾答案C。

  48。 A Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  解析:题干关键词,memory-related symptom以至take seriously。定位到But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。关键点在far more concerning故答案选用A。

  49。 A Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。

  分析:题干关键词为signs of memory loss。定位到倒数第二段率先句话Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认识的) reserve, Daffner says。故答案为A。

  50。 D Staying active both physically and mentally。

  深入分析:题干关键词Dr Daffner’s advice ,memory loss。定位到作品最终一句。Dr Daffner’s adviceIn other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

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